YDS ve YÖKDİL’de en çok çıkan phrasal verbler
YDS ve YÖKDİL’de genelde iki adet phrasal verb sorusu çıkmaktadır. YÖKDİL ve YDS’de genelde iki adet phrasal verb sorusu çıkar ve sınava girecek adaylar genelde hangi phrasal verblere çalışacaklarını bilmezler. Aşağıdaki listede akademik phrasal verblerin bir listesini görebilirsiniz. Bu listede YDS ve YÖKDİL’de en çok test edilen phrasal verbler yer almaktadır.
YDS ve YÖKDİL’de en çok test edilen phrasal verbler listesi
to go with someone or to be provided or exist at the same time as something
The course books are accompanied by four CDs.
to form the total of something
constitute , represent
Students account for the vast majority of our customers.
1. to perform the actions and say the words of a situation or story
The children acted out their favourite poem.
2. to express your thoughts, emotions, or ideas in your actions:
Children’s negative feelings often get acted out in bad behaviour.
to interrupt when someone else is talking:
interrupt, barge in
As she was talking, he suddenly broke in, saying, “That’s a lie.”
to enter a place by using force
His apartment has been broken into twice, even though he had good locks on the door.
If something dangerous or unpleasant breaks out, it suddenly starts:
begin, occur, commence
War broke out in 1914.
to cause something to happen:
cause, create, make, contribute
He brought about his company’s collapse by his reckless spending.
to make a particular quality or detail noticeable:
expose, bring to light, underline, emphasize
A crisis can bring out the best and the worst in people.
to start to talk about a particular subject:
discuss, put forward
She’s always bringing up her health problems.
to increase or become larger or stronger, or to cause someone or something to do this:
develop, increase, expand
Tension is building up between the two communities.
to need or deserve a particular action, remark, or quality:
suggest, want, need, necessitate
It’s the sort of work that calls for a high level of concentration.
to decide that a planned event, especially a sports event, will not happen, or to end an activity because it is no longer useful or possible:
Tomorrow’s match has been called off because of the icy weather.
to continue to do or be involved with something:
persist, proceed, maintain, keep going
Dianne is carrying on the family tradition by becoming a lawyer.
to do or complete something, especially that you have said you would do or that you have been told to do:
accomplish, achieve, execute, finalize, implement, perform, realize
Dr Carter is carrying out research on early Christian art.
to become fashionable or popular:
spread, do well
I wonder if the game will ever catch on with young people?
to show your ticket at an airport so that you can be told where you will be sitting and so that your bags can be put on the aircraft:
arrive, sign in
Passengers are requested to check in two hours before the flight.
to leave a hotel after paying and returning your room key:
We checked out (of/from our hotel) at 5 a.m. to catch a 7 a.m. flight.
to find something or someone by chance:
meet, bump into, unearth, uncover, discover
He came across some old love letters.
come up with
to suggest or think of an idea or plan:
discover, find, invent
She’s come up with some amazing scheme to double her income.
to deal successfully with a difficult situation:
handle, deal with
It must be really hard to cope with three young children and a job.
Cut down (on)
to do or use less of something:
I’m trying to cut down on caffeine.
If an engine, machine, or piece of equipment cuts out, it suddenly stops working:
stop, give up
One of the plane’s engines cut out, so they had to land with only one.
to develop a way to manage or relate to someone or something:
take care of handle, control
We have to deal with problems as they arise.
to trust someone or something and know that that person or thing will help you or do what you want or expect him, her, or it to do:
trust, rely on
You can always depend on Michael in a crisis.
to (cause to) separate into parts or groups:
At the end of the lecture, I’d like all the students to divide into small discussion groups.
to pay someone a casual visit, perhaps a surprise visit. I hate to drop in on people when they aren’t expecting me.
pop in stop by, come by, go and see,
You’re welcome to drop in at any time.
to finally be in a particular place or situation:
finish, finish up, turn out to be
They’re travelling across Europe by train and are planning to end up in Moscow.
1. to participate in some activity:
attend to, focus on
The soldiers engaged in combat.
2. To involve or draw someone or something into some activity:
I engaged the new student in conversation.
If an organization, system, or agreement falls apart, it fails or stops working effectively:
collapse, break down
The deal fell apart because of a lack of financing.
to fail to do something fast enough or on time:
He was ill for six weeks and fell behind with his schoolwork.
to understand or solve something:
find out, perceive
If they know the cause of the problem, they might be able to figure out how to prevent it happening again.
to give written information, esp. by completing a form:
Please fill in the application and sign it.
to get information about something because you want to know more about it, or to learn a fact or piece of information for the first time:
The holiday was a complete surprise – I only found out about it the day before we left.
If one thing fits in with another thing, they look pleasant together or are suitable for each other:
It’s a very nice sofa but it doesn’t fit in with the rest of the room.
to be able to go to different places without difficulty, especially if you are old or ill:
My grandmother is finding it harder to get around these days.
1. to leave or escape from a person or place, often when it is difficult to do this:
We walked to the next beach to get away from the crowds.
2. to go somewhere to have a holiday, often because you need to rest:
I just need to get away for a few days.
get away with
to succeed in avoiding punishment for something:
If I thought I could get away with it, I wouldn’t pay my taxes at all.
to return to your usual state of health or happiness after having a bad or unusual experience, or an illness:
She’s just getting over the flu.
to succeed in an exam or competition:
She got through her exams without too much trouble.
1. to tell a secret or show your feelings unintentionally:
I’m not giving away any plot surprises; read the review in the paper if you want to know them.
2. to supply something at no charge:
hand out, present
They’re giving away shopping bags.
to finally agree to what someone wants, after refusing for a period of time:
hand over, submit, surrender
He nagged me so much for a new bike that eventually I gave in.
to stop doing or to stop having something:
abandon, stop, quit
He gave up jogging after his heart attack.
1. to try to have or achieve something
He’ll be going for his third Olympic gold medal.
2. to choose something
People who always bought a small car are now going for small trucks.
1. If a light or a machine goes off, it stops working:
The lights went off in several villages because of the storm.
2. If a bomb goes off, it explodes
The bomb went off at midday.
3. If food or drink goes off, it is not good to eat or drink any more because it is too old:
Put the milk back in the fridge or else it will go off.
4. If a warning device goes off, it starts to ring loudly or make a loud noise
The alarm should go off automatically as soon as smoke is detected.
Please go on with what you’re doing and don’t let us interrupt you.
to examine someone or something.
The doctor will go over you very carefully, I’m sure. I went over the papers and found nothing wrong.
1. to experience a difficult or unpleasant situation:
I’ve been going through a bad patch recently.
2. If a law, plan, or deal goes through, it is officially accepted or approved:
A city council member said that the proposals for the new shopping centre were unlikely to go through.
to gradually become an adult:
I grew up in Scotland
to give something to a person in authority
Please hand in your keys when you leave the hotel.
to give something to someone, esp. after being asked or told to do this:
Tighter sanctions will be sought unless the suspects are handed over by the end of February.
to stop someone or something from moving forwards
Ollie had to hold Tom back to prevent him retaliating.
hold on to
hold on to something to hold something tightly or carefully so that you do not drop it or do not fall
Hold on to the seat in front when we go round the corner.
to continue doing something
My sister kept on asking me question after question.
keep up with
to continue to be informed about something:
follow, to be up-to-date
He’s never made an effort to keep up with current events.
If an action or event leads to something, it causes that thing to happen or exist:
bring about, cause
Reducing speed limits should lead to fewer deaths on the roads.
to not include someone or something:
You can leave the butter out of this recipe if you’re on a low-fat diet.
to have a particular amount of money to buy the things that you need to live
If you live on an amount of money, that is the money that you use to buy the things that you need:
We lived on very little when we first got married.
to take care of someone or something and make certain that they have everything they need
foster, pay attention to
It’s hard work looking after three children all day.
look down on
to think that you are better or more important than someone else, or to think that something is not good enough for you
She looks down on anyone who hasn’t had a university education.
to hope to get something that you want or need
He was looking for work as a builder.
look forward to
to feel happy and excited about something that is going to happen
He had worked hard and was looking forward to his retirement.
to try to discover the facts about something such as a problem or a crime
examine, go into
I wrote a letter of complaint, and the airline have promised to look into the matter.
to try to find a particular piece of information by looking in a book or on a list, or by using a computer
find, seek out
I didn’t know what ‘loquacious’ meant and had to look it up in a dictionary.
to form a particular thing, amount, or number as a whole:
Car accident victims make up almost a quarter of the hospital’s patients.
make up for
to take the place of something lost or damaged or to compensate for something bad with something good:
heal, repay, mend, recover
This year’s good harvest will make up for last year’s bad one.
to fail to include someone or something that should be included:
You’ve missed out your address on the form.
to start to continue with your life after you have dealt successfully with a bad experience
advance, go on
It’s been a nightmare, but now I just want to forget about it and move on.
move on to
to stop discussing or doing something and begin discussing or doing something different
Let’s move on to the next question.
to give knowledge or teach skills to your children or to younger people
These traditional stories have been passed down from parent to child over many generations.
1. to give someone something that someone else has given you
When you’ve read this message, please pass it on.
2. pass something on to someone:
I’ll pass these clothes on to my nephew when my lads have outgrown them.
3. to give someone an infectious illness
I took the day off work because I didn’t want to pass on my flu to everyone in the office.
to suddenly become unconscious, for example because you are too hot
People everywhere were passing out from the heat.
1. if something that you do pays off, it brings you some benefit
All those weeks of studying will pay off when you take the exam.
2. to give someone all the money that you have borrowed from them to buy something
Only another six months and the house will be paid off.
to choose one thing or person from a group
Have you picked out a dress for the party?
to learn a new skill or start a habit without intending to
She picked up a few German phrases while staying in Berlin.
to tell someone about some information, often because you believe they do not know it or have forgotten it:
He was planning to book a rock-climbing holiday, till I pointed out that Denis is afraid of heights.
to state an idea or opinion, or to suggest a plan or person, for other people to consider:
offer, propose, bring up
Many suggestions have been put forward, but a decision is unlikely until after next year’s general election.
to delay or move an activity to a later time, or to stop or prevent someone from doing something:
The meeting has been put off for a week.
to stop something that is burning from continuing to burn:
Be sure to put out your campfire before you go to sleep.
put up with
to accept or continue to accept an unpleasant situation or experience, or someone who behaves unpleasantly:
I can put up with the house being messy, but I hate it if it’s not clean.
If a situation or problem results from a particular event or activity, it is caused by it:
emerge, come out
His difficulty in walking results from a childhood illness.
to stop considering something as a possibility
The president has ruled out the use of US troops.
to secretly leave a place where you should stay, because you are not happy there
When I was 13, I ran away from home.
1. to lose energy, power, or strength:
By 1923 the radio boom seemed to be running down.
2. to hit someone with your car and injure or kill them
She got run down outside school.
1. to hit someone or something by accident while you are driving
A truck ran into me (=hit my car) at the lights this morning.
2. to meet someone you know when you are not expecting to:
meet up with, come across
Graham ran into someone he used to know at school the other day.
If a machine runs on a particular type or supply of power, it uses that power to work:
live on, survive
Some calculators run on solar power.
run out (of) to use all of something and not have any left
Many hospitals are running out of money.
to go to the place that someone is leaving from in order to say goodbye to them:
My parents saw me off at the airport.
to sell all of the supply that you have of something:
sell up, finish
We sold out of the T-shirts in the first couple of hours.
1. to send a lot of copies of the same document to a large number of people
send, post, ship
We sent out 300 invitations to our gallery opening.
2. to allow a substance such as smoke or chemicals to escape into the atmosphere
The factory sends out toxic gases into the surrounding countryside.
1. to keep or save something from a larger amount or supply in order to use it later for a particular purpose
Have you set aside some money for your child’s education?
2. to not let a particular feeling, opinion, or belief influence you, in order to achieve something more important
cancel, terminate, suppress
They agreed to set aside their differences and work together for peace.
1.to start a journey, or to start going in a particular direction
We set off early the next morning.
2. to cause something to operate, especially by accident
Jeff pushed open the front door, which set off the alarm.
1. to start a journey
After a three-day rest, the travellers set out again.
2. to explain, describe, or arrange something in a clear and detailed way, especially in writing
In his report he sets out his plans for the department.
to start something such as a business, organization, or institution
The group plans to set up an import business.
to become familiar with a new way of life, place, or job, or to make someone do this
She seems to have settled in quickly at her new company.
to arrive somewhere in order to join a group of people, especially late or unexpectedly:
I invited him for eight o’clock, but he didn’t show up until 9.30.
if a shop, school, factory, or business shuts down, or if someone shuts it down, it closes, usually permanently
Many factories have been shut down after the financial crisis.
to agree to do something, or to join a course or organization
She’s decided to sign up for evening classes.
if someone slows down, or if something slows them down, they become less active or effective
decrease, lower, lessen
For me, holidays are a time to slow down and relax.
to deal successfully with a problem or a situation:
figure out, resolve
Her financial records are a mess, but we’ll sort them out.
if people in a group spread out, they move away from one another so that they cover a large area
Let’s spread out more and search the whole field.
to support or be loyal to someone or something:
The editors stand by the story.
to represent something:
She explained that DIN stands for “do it now.”
to remain in your home for a period of time
I think I’d rather stay in tonight.
give a summary of something
I’ll sum up briefly and then we’ll take questions.
1. take in something to include something
The book takes in the period between 1891 and Lenin’s death.
2. to trick someone into believing something that is not true
Don’t be taken in by their promises.
If an aircraft, bird, or insect takes off, it leaves the ground and begins to fly:
The plane took off at 8.30 a.m.
1. to fight or compete against someone or something:
I’ll take you on in a game of chess.
2. to begin to have, use, or do something
become, add, acquire
Her voice took on a troubled tone.
to begin to have control of something:
dominate, direct, manage
The firm was badly in need of restructuring when she took over.
to begin to do something:
I’m not very good at golf – I only took it up recently
to persuade someone to do something:
He’s against the idea, but I think I can talk him into it.
talk out of
to persuade someone not to do something:
Her parents tried to talk her out of getting engaged.
to join another person, or form a group with other people, in order to do something together:
They teamed up for a charity performance.
to produce a new idea or plan:
invent, determine, design
We’ll have to think of a pretty good excuse for being late.
to search for someone or something, often when it is difficult to find that person or thing:
spot, detect, discover
I’m trying to track down one of my old classmates from college.
to attempt to get something:
Are you going to try for that job in the sales department?
to use something to see if it works well:
Lanny is trying out her new bicycle.
to refuse to accept or agree to something, or to refuse someone’s request:
The bank turned her down for a loan.
to happen in a particular way or to have a particular result, especially an unexpected one:
As events turned out, we were right to have decided to leave early.
to come somewhere, especially unexpectedly or without making a firm arrangement
show up, appear
There is no need to book – just turn up on the night.
to use all of a supply of something
I’ve used up all my holiday entitlement, and it’s only August.
to be careful
Watch out – you’re going to hit that car!
to make someone feel very tired
She was worn out from looking after her elderly mother.
1. to solve a problem by doing a calculation
calculate, , count, estimate
I was born in 1947: you work out my age.
2. to solve a problem by considering the facts
I can’t work out what to do.