YDS ve YÖKDİL’de en çok çıkan phrasal verbler

YDS ve YÖKDİL’de genelde iki adet phrasal verb sorusu çıkmaktadır. YÖKDİL ve YDS’de genelde iki adet phrasal verb sorusu çıkar ve sınava girecek adaylar genelde hangi phrasal verblere çalışacaklarını bilmezler. Aşağıdaki listede akademik phrasal verblerin bir listesini görebilirsiniz. Bu listede YDS ve YÖKDİL’de en çok test edilen phrasal verbler yer almaktadır. 

YDS ve YÖKDİL’de en çok test edilen phrasal verbler listesi

accompany by

to go with someone or to be provided or exist at the same time as something

escort

The course books are accompanied by four CDs.

account for

to form the total of something

constitute , represent

Students account for the vast majority of our customers.

act out

1. to perform the actions and say the words of a situation or story

 dramatize, play

The children acted out their favourite poem.

2. to express your thoughts, emotions, or ideas in your actions:

indicate, show

Children’s negative feelings often get acted out in bad behaviour.

B

break in

to interrupt when someone else is talking:

interrupt, barge in

As she was talking, he suddenly broke in, saying, “That’s a lie.”

break into

to enter a place by using force

intrude, burgle

His apartment has been broken into twice, even though he had good locks on the door.

break out

If something dangerous or unpleasant breaks out, it suddenly starts:

begin, occur, commence

War broke out in 1914.

bring about

to cause something to happen:

cause, create, make, contribute

He brought about his company’s collapse by his reckless spending.

bring out

to make a particular quality or detail noticeable:

expose, bring to light, underline, emphasize

A crisis can bring out the best and the worst in people.

bring up

to start to talk about a particular subject:

discuss, put forward

She’s always bringing up her health problems.

build up

to increase or become larger or stronger, or to cause someone or something to do this:

develop, increase, expand

Tension is building up between the two communities.

C

call for

to need or deserve a particular action, remark, or quality:

suggest, want, need, necessitate

It’s the sort of work that calls for a high level of concentration.

call off

to decide that a planned event, especially a sports event, will not happen, or to end an activity because it is no longer useful or possible:

cancel, abort

Tomorrow’s match has been called off because of the icy weather.

carry on

to continue to do or be involved with something:

persist, proceed, maintain, keep going

Dianne is carrying on the family tradition by becoming a lawyer.

carry out

to do or complete something, especially that you have said you would do or that you have been told to do:

accomplish, achieve, execute, finalize, implement, perform, realize

Dr Carter is carrying out research on early Christian art.

catch on

to become fashionable or popular:

spread, do well

I wonder if the game will ever catch on with young people?

check in

to show your ticket at an airport so that you can be told where you will be sitting and so that your bags can be put on the aircraft:

arrive, sign in

Passengers are requested to check in two hours before the flight.

check out

to leave a hotel after paying and returning your room key:

leave, depart

We checked out (of/from our hotel) at 5 a.m. to catch a 7 a.m. flight.

come across

to find something or someone by chance:

meet, bump into, unearth, uncover, discover

He came across some old love letters.

come up with

to suggest or think of an idea or plan:

discover, find, invent

She’s come up with some amazing scheme to double her income.

cope with

to deal successfully with a difficult situation:

handle, deal with

It must be really hard to cope with three young children and a job.

count on

to be confident that you can depend on someone:

depend on, trust, believe

You can always count on Michael in a crisis.

Cut down (on)

to do or use less of something:

lessen, decrease

I’m trying to cut down on caffeine.

cut out

If an engine, machine, or piece of equipment cuts out, it suddenly stops working:

stop, give up

One of the plane’s engines cut out, so they had to land with only one.

D

deal with

to develop a way to manage or relate to someone or something:

take care of handle, control

We have to deal with problems as they arise.

depend on

to trust someone or something and know that that person or thing will help you or do what you want or expect him, her, or it to do:

trust, rely on

You can always depend on Michael in a crisis.

divide into

to (cause to) separate into parts or groups: 

separate, categorize

At the end of the lecture, I’d like all the students to divide into small discussion groups.

drop in

to pay someone a casual visit, perhaps a surprise visit. I hate to drop in on people when they aren’t expecting me.

pop in stop by, come by, go and see,

You’re welcome to drop in at any time.

E

end up

to finally be in a particular place or situation:

finish, finish up, turn out to be

They’re travelling across Europe by train and are planning to end up in Moscow.

Engage in

1. to participate in some activity:

attend to, focus on 

The soldiers engaged in combat.

2. To involve or draw someone or something into some activity:

direct

I engaged the new student in conversation.

 

F

fall apart

If an organization, system, or agreement falls apart, it fails or stops working effectively:

collapse, break down

The deal fell apart because of a lack of financing.

fall behind

to fail to do something fast enough or on time:

lag

He was ill for six weeks and fell behind with his schoolwork.

figure out

to understand or solve something:

find out, perceive

If they know the cause of the problem, they might be able to figure out how to prevent it happening again.

fill in

to give written information, esp. by completing a form:

fill out

Please fill in the application and sign it.

find out

to get information about something because you want to know more about it, or to learn a fact or piece of information for the first time:

reveal, realize

The holiday was a complete surprise – I only found out about it the day before we left.

fit in

If one thing fits in with another thing, they look pleasant together or are suitable for each other:

adjust, fit

It’s a very nice sofa but it doesn’t fit in with the rest of the room.

follow up

(on someone or something) to find out more about someone or something.

invstigate, look into

Bill, Mr. Smith has a complaint. Would you please follow up on it?

G

get around

to be able to go to different places without difficulty, especially if you are old or ill:

travel, wander

My grandmother is finding it harder to get around these days.

get away

1. to leave or escape from a person or place, often when it is difficult to do this:

escape, abandon

We walked to the next beach to get away from the crowds.

2. to go somewhere to have a holiday, often because you need to rest:

travel

I just need to get away for a few days.

 

get away with

to succeed in avoiding punishment for something:

avoid, evade

If I thought I could get away with it, I wouldn’t pay my taxes at all.

get over

to return to your usual state of health or happiness after having a bad or unusual experience, or an illness:

recover, overcome

She’s just getting over the flu.

get through

to succeed in an exam or competition:

accomplish, achieve

She got through her exams without too much trouble.

give away

1. to tell a secret or show your feelings unintentionally:

disclose

I’m not giving away any plot surprises; read the review in the paper if you want to know them.

2. to supply something at no charge:

hand out, present

They’re giving away shopping bags.

give in

to finally agree to what someone wants, after refusing for a period of time:

hand over, submit, surrender

He nagged me so much for a new bike that eventually I gave in.

give up

to stop doing or to stop having something:

abandon, stop, quit

He gave up jogging after his heart attack.

go for

1. to try to have or achieve something

seek, obtain

He’ll be going for his third Olympic gold medal.

2. to choose something

prefer, favor

People who always bought a small car are now going for small trucks.

go off

1. If a light or a machine goes off, it stops working:

break down

The lights went off in several villages because of the storm.

2. If a bomb goes off, it explodes

explode, burst

The bomb went off at midday.

3. If food or drink goes off, it is not good to eat or drink any more because it is too old:

decay

​Put the milk back in the fridge or else it will go off.

4. If a warning device goes off, it starts to ring loudly or make a loud noise

ring

The alarm should go off automatically as soon as smoke is detected.

go on

to continue:

proceed

Please go on with what you’re doing and don’t let us interrupt you.

go over

to examine someone or something.

analyze, examine

The doctor will go over you very carefully, I’m sure. I went over the papers and found nothing wrong.

go through

1. to experience a difficult or unpleasant situation:

suffer

I’ve been going through a bad patch recently.

2. If a law, plan, or deal goes through, it is officially accepted or approved:

pass

A city council member said that the proposals for the new shopping centre were unlikely to go through.

grow up

to gradually become an adult:

mature

I grew up in Scotland

H

hand in

to give something to a person in authority

deliver, submit

Please hand in your keys when you leave the hotel.

hand over

to give something to someone, esp. after being asked or told to do this:

give, deliver

Tighter sanctions will be sought unless the suspects are handed over by the end of February.

hold back

to stop someone or something from moving forwards

prevent, stop

Ollie had to hold Tom back to prevent him retaliating.

hold on to

hold on to something to hold something tightly or carefully so that you do not drop it or do not fall

keep, grasp

Hold on to the seat in front when we go round the corner.

K

keep on

to continue doing something

continue

My sister kept on asking me question after question.

keep up with

to continue to be informed about something:

follow, to be up-to-date

He’s never made an effort to keep up with current events.

L

lead to

If an action or event leads to something, it causes that thing to happen or exist:

bring about, cause

Reducing speed limits should lead to fewer deaths on the roads.

leave out

to not include someone or something:

exclude

You can leave the butter out of this recipe if you’re on a low-fat diet.

live on

to have a particular amount of money to buy the things that you need to live

If you live on an amount of money, that is the money that you use to buy the things that you need:

survive

We lived on very little when we first got married.

look after

to take care of someone or something and make certain that they have everything they need

foster, pay attention to

It’s hard work looking after three children all day.

look down on

to think that you are better or more important than someone else, or to think that something is not good enough for you

scorn

She looks down on anyone who hasn’t had a university education.

look for

to hope to get something that you want or need

seek, explore

He was looking for work as a builder.

look forward to

to feel happy and excited about something that is going to happen

expect, hope

He had worked hard and was looking forward to his retirement.

look into

to try to discover the facts about something such as a problem or a crime

examine, go into

I wrote a letter of complaint, and the airline have promised to look into the matter.

look up

to try to find a particular piece of information by looking in a book or on a list, or by using a computer

find, seek out

I didn’t know what ‘loquacious’ meant and had to look it up in a dictionary.

M

make out

to see, hear, or understand someone or something with difficulty

find out, figure out

I can just make a few words out on this page.

make up

to form a particular thing, amount, or number as a whole:

compose, consist

Car accident victims make up almost a quarter of the hospital’s patients.

make up for

to take the place of something lost or damaged or to compensate for something bad with something good:

heal, repay, mend, recover

This year’s good harvest will make up for last year’s bad one.

miss out

to fail to include someone or something that should be included:

ignore, neglect

You’ve missed out your address on the form.

move on

to start to continue with your life after you have dealt successfully with a bad experience

advance, go on

It’s been a nightmare, but now I just want to forget about it and move on.

move on to

to stop discussing or doing something and begin discussing or doing something different

advance

Let’s move on to the next question.

P

pass down

to give knowledge or teach skills to your children or to younger people

deliver, grant

These traditional stories have been passed down from parent to child over many generations.

pass on

1. to give someone something that someone else has given you

send, transfer

When you’ve read this message, please pass it on.

2. pass something on to someone:

give

I’ll pass these clothes on to my nephew when my lads have outgrown them.

Explore Thesaurus

3. to give someone an infectious illness

carry

I took the day off work because I didn’t want to pass on my flu to everyone in the office.

pass out

to suddenly become unconscious, for example because you are too hot

faint

People everywhere were passing out from the heat.

pay off

1. if something that you do pays off, it brings you some benefit

assist

All those weeks of studying will pay off when you take the exam.

2. to give someone all the money that you have borrowed from them to buy something

repay

Only another six months and the house will be paid off.

pick out

to choose one thing or person from a group

choose, recognize

Have you picked out a dress for the party?

pick up

to learn a new skill or start a habit without intending to

acquire, learn

She picked up a few German phrases while staying in Berlin.

point out

to tell someone about some information, often because you believe they do not know it or have forgotten it:

indicate, remind

He was planning to book a rock-climbing holiday, till I pointed out that Denis is afraid of heights.

put forward

to state an idea or opinion, or to suggest a plan or person, for other people to consider:

offer, propose, bring up

Many suggestions have been put forward, but a decision is unlikely until after next year’s general election.

put off

to delay or move an activity to a later time, or to stop or prevent someone from doing something:

postpone, suspend

The meeting has been put off for a week.

put out

to stop something that is burning from continuing to burn:

extinquish

Be sure to put out your campfire before you go to sleep.

put up with

to accept or continue to accept an unpleasant situation or experience, or someone who behaves unpleasantly:

accept, tolerate

I can put up with the house being messy, but I hate it if it’s not clean.

R

rely on

to need a particular thing or the help and support of someone or something in order to continue, to work correctly, or to succeed:

count on, depend on

The success of this project relies on everyone making an effort.

result from

If a situation or problem results from a particular event or activity, it is caused by it:

emerge, come out

His difficulty in walking results from a childhood illness.

result in

to cause a particular situation to happen:

lead to, bring about

The fire resulted in damage to their property.

rule out

to stop considering something as a possibility

eliminate

The president has ruled out the use of US troops.

run away

to secretly leave a place where you should stay, because you are not happy there

escape, flee

When I was 13, I ran away from home.

run down

1. to lose energy, power, or strength:

diminish

By 1923 the radio boom seemed to be running down.

2. to hit someone with your car and injure or kill them

knock

She got run down outside school.

run into

1. to hit someone or something by accident while you are driving

crash, hit

A truck ran into me (=hit my car) at the lights this morning.

2. to meet someone you know when you are not expecting to:

meet up with, come across

Graham ran into someone he used to know at school the other day.

run on

If a machine runs on a particular type or supply of power, it uses that power to work:

live on, survive

Some calculators run on solar power.

run out

run out (of) to use all of something and not have any left

finish, expire

Many hospitals are running out of money.

S

see off

to go to the place that someone is leaving from in order to say goodbye to them:

accompany, guide

My parents saw me off at the airport.

sell out

to sell all of the supply that you have of something:

sell up, finish

We sold out of the T-shirts in the first couple of hours.

send out

1. to send a lot of copies of the same document to a large number of people

send, post, ship

 We sent out 300 invitations to our gallery opening.

2. to allow a substance such as smoke or chemicals to escape into the atmosphere

emit, radiate

The factory sends out toxic gases into the surrounding countryside.

set aside

1. to keep or save something from a larger amount or supply in order to use it later for a particular purpose

allocate, give

Have you set aside some money for your child’s education?

2. to not let a particular feeling, opinion, or belief influence you, in order to achieve something more important

cancel, terminate, suppress

They agreed to set aside their differences and work together for peace.

set off

1.to start a journey, or to start going in a particular direction

travel, leave

We set off early the next morning.

2. to cause something to operate, especially by accident

detonate, launch

Jeff pushed open the front door, which set off the alarm.

set out

1. to start a journey

set off

After a three-day rest, the travellers set out again.

2. to explain, describe, or arrange something in a clear and detailed way, especially in writing

explain

In his report he sets out his plans for the department.

set up

to start something such as a business, organization, or institution 

establish

The group plans to set up an import business.

settle in

to become familiar with a new way of life, place, or job, or to make someone do this

acclimatize

She seems to have settled in quickly at her new company.

show up

to arrive somewhere in order to join a group of people, especially late or unexpectedly:

appear, come

I invited him for eight o’clock, but he didn’t show up until 9.30.

shut down

if a shop, school, factory, or business shuts down, or if someone shuts it down, it closes, usually permanently 

close

Many factories have been shut down after the financial crisis.

sign up

to agree to do something, or to join a course or organization

join, begin

She’s decided to sign up for evening classes.

slow down

if someone slows down, or if something slows them down, they become less active or effective

decrease, lower, lessen

For me, holidays are a time to slow down and relax.

sort out

to deal successfully with a problem or a situation:

figure out, resolve

Her financial records are a mess, but we’ll sort them out.

spread out

if people in a group spread out, they move away from one another so that they cover a large area

expand, develop

Let’s spread out more and search the whole field.

stand by

to support or be loyal to someone or something:

obey, support

The editors stand by the story.

stand for

to represent something:

represent

She explained that DIN stands for “do it now.”

stay in

to remain in your home for a period of time

remain

I think I’d rather stay in tonight.

sum up

give a summary of something

summarize

I’ll sum up briefly and then we’ll take questions.

T

take in

1. take in something to include something

include

The book takes in the period between 1891 and Lenin’s death.

2. to trick someone into believing something that is not true

deceive

Don’t be taken in by their promises.

take off

 If an aircraft, bird, or insect takes off, it leaves the ground and begins to fly:

depart

The plane took off at 8.30 a.m.

take on

1. to fight or compete against someone or something:

battle, fight

I’ll take you on in a game of chess.

2. to begin to have, use, or do something

become, add, acquire

Her voice took on a troubled tone.

 

take over

to begin to have control of something:

dominate, direct, manage

The firm was badly in need of restructuring when she took over.

take up

to begin to do something:

start, initiate

I’m not very good at golf – I only took it up recently

talk into

to persuade someone to do something:

convince, persuade

He’s against the idea, but I think I can talk him into it.

talk out of

to persuade someone not to do something:

discourage, dissuade

Her parents tried to talk her out of getting engaged.

team up

to join another person, or form a group with other people, in order to do something together:

join, unite

They teamed up for a charity performance.

think of

to produce a new idea or plan:

invent, determine, design

We’ll have to think of a pretty good excuse for being late.

track down

to search for someone or something, often when it is difficult to find that person or thing:

spot, detect, discover

I’m trying to track down one of my old classmates from college.

try for

to attempt to get something:

attempt, seek

Are you going to try for that job in the sales department?

try out

to use something to see if it works well:

examine, check

Lanny is trying out her new bicycle.

turn down

to refuse to accept or agree to something, or to refuse someone’s request:

reject, decline

The bank turned her down for a loan.

turn out

to happen in a particular way or to have a particular result, especially an unexpected one:

result in 

As events turned out, we were right to have decided to leave early.

turn up

to come somewhere, especially unexpectedly or without making a firm arrangement

show up, appear

There is no need to book – just turn up on the night.

U

use up

to use all of a supply of something

consume, deplete

I’ve used up all my holiday entitlement, and it’s only August.

W

watch out

to be careful

notice, beware

Watch out – you’re going to hit that car!

wear out

to make someone feel very tired

exhaust

She was worn out from looking after her elderly mother.

work out

1. to solve a problem by doing a calculation

calculate, , count, estimate

I was born in 1947: you work out my age.

 2. to solve a problem by considering the facts

resolve, cope

I can’t work out what to do.